2014年6月25日星期三

如何辨别好吃的榴莲:猫山王


 马来西亚的榴莲不像泰国榴莲般可以出口,因为树上熟的关系,只能随熟随食,也因而肉质极为鲜美。

学习了解一下马来西亚几个主要品种榴莲的特征:

猫山王:底部有一个小“五星型”。刺不尖,果肉呈金黄色。
101:圆形,刺尖,果肉呈浅黄色,微带红色。(雨季时果肉呈浅黄色)
D24:底部有一个硬币大小的圆形标志,果肉呈金黄色,而且有一层油光。
红虾:纯圆形,刺均匀,果肉味道佳。
竹脚:剖开后,心会有花纹。
金凤:圆形,果肉厚,种子小。
葫芦:长圆型,扁圆型。有腰身犹如葫芦形状。
XO:圆长型,刺疏,果肉带酒味。
十号:圆型,外壳呈浅青色,刺短,果肉味道好。

挑选榴莲六法则:

(1)先看颜色是否鲜艳,颜色暗沉就不新鲜。
(2)闻一闻味道是否香味浓郁,香味较浅则味不佳。
(3)看枝柄是否已经干枯,干枯的味不鲜美。
(4)可摇晃听听是否有声音,有则意味着果实饱满。
(5)看是否已裂开,若是则不新鲜。
(6)越是奇形怪状的味道就越好。

Musang King Durian (猫山王)


 The word durian is derived from the Malaysian word for thorns, durio. It's most outstanding characteristic, however, the pungent aroma that issues from the fruit once it is ripe. No edible product in the Western World rivals this odor in strength unless it be Blue Cheese, and that is only considered edible by extremely questionably sources.

Yet durian is proclaimed by many to be the food of kings, the sweet ambrosia of the jungle, and the taste of heaven. Within that hard, spiny husk is a custard as smooth as a whipped pudding, sweet as vanilla ice cream, and savory as any garlic bread. Perhaps it's the best tasting foods in the world.

Musang King, or Mau Shan Wang could be one of the most expensive durian around. Durians are many varieties, with names like Red Prawn, D101, D13, D24, XO, D2 and also Bamboo Leg (Thraka), but Musang King is much demanding among the others nowadays, even rising above all is the Musang King (Mao San Wong in Chinese). The taste of Malaysia's Musang King had enamoured. The flesh is yellow, and it's creamy with a fragrance that lingers long in your mouth. The quality is consistent and you cannot find fault from one pulp to the other.

《榴莲》这个词是从马来语得来的,意思为“刺”的意思。

它最突出的特点是刺鼻的香气。在西方国家没有任何食物可以媲美这种气味的强度,除非它是蓝芝士。

然而,榴莲被称为果中之王。

猫山王, 是最昂贵的榴莲品种之一。

榴莲有很多品种,像红虾,D101,D13,D24,XO,D2和竹脚(Thraka),但猫山王是许多人爱不释手的,猫山王(汉语是 Mao San Wong)。

猫山王名字的来源:“猫山”指的是福建方言中“果子狸”的意思,意指这是果子狸最爱吃的榴莲品种。

马来西亚猫山王的味道已经被许多人迷恋。果肉黄色,奶油香味不散,迷漫在你的嘴里。

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How to identify Musang King Durian
Currently, Musang King is like black-market gold. It's the most sought after, desired and expensive of all the durian varieties, selling for more than twice the price of a more average durian.
That said, it's also the durian most likely to be faked. That's right: unscrupulous durian vendors will try to pull a fast one on the naive and sell an average durian under the name and price of the famous Musang King. Luckily, all durian varieties have slightly different shapes, colors, and spikes and you can learn to distinguish a true Musang King from a fake. Here are 5 tips to identify a true Musang King, as taught to us by the Musang Queen herself.

目前,猫山王像黑市黄金。

这是最受追捧,期望和昂贵的榴莲品种,销售为更榴莲平均超过两倍的价格。

这就是说,它也是榴莲最容易被冒充的。

不法榴莲厂商会尽量推荐冒牌猫山王给榴莲门外汉。

幸运的是,所有的榴莲品种有稍微不同的形状,颜色和尖峰,你可以学习到如何区别真正的猫山王。

这里有5个提示,以确定哪一个才是真正的猫山王。


Durian shells vary pretty widely in color from yellow-brown to camo-green to tinged with purple. Unlike other fruits, the color does not always denote ripeness, but is a characteristic of the variety. Musang King (left) is a dusky green-tan bordering on yellow. Often the coloration will change between the tips of the thorns and the base. In comparison, D24 is typically a homogenous green.


榴莲壳的变化相当广泛。

从黄棕色至迷彩绿色到带有紫色。

与其它水果不同,颜色并不总是代表成熟。

 猫山王:底部有一个小“五星型”。刺不尖,果肉呈金黄色。

但猫山王(左)的特点,是一个灰蒙蒙的绿潭接壤黄色。相比较而言,D24是一个典型的均匀的绿色。



Spikes can be either far apart or very close together, kind of square and pyramidal, or round and thin as a needle.
In Musang King, the spike is fairly large and pyramidal, set fairly far apart. Compare to the spike of a D24, which clusters

尖峰可以是相距甚远或非常接近,那种方形和锥体,或圆,细如针。
相较于猫山王和D24的刺,是相当大,锥体,距离相距甚远。

 
All durians open via weakened seams running the length of each lobe from tip to stem. As I mention in How to Open a Durian, I am in totally in love with these seams. They are like the Achilles Heel of the world's most formidable fruit. On some durians, these seams are visible lines or bands, while on others the seams are invisible.
Musang King's seams are very visible, meeting on the bottom in a broad five pointed star. Often the spikes will even point away from the seam, creating an effect almost like the opening of the Red Sea. In contrast, the seams on a D24 are practically invisible. The spikes even point toward each other, further hiding the seam beneath a spiky bower.

榴莲通过从尖上运行的每个长度,以遏止削弱接缝打开。

正如文中提到的如何打开一个榴莲,他们就像是世界上最强大的水果的罩门。

有一些榴莲,这些接缝可见线或条带,有些榴莲,这些接缝是看不见的。


猫山王的接缝是非常明显的,在一个广泛的五角星达到底部。

通常情况下,尖峰连点离缝,创造几乎像红海开幕的效果。

与此相反,在D24的接缝几乎不可见。

尖峰甚至向对方指出,进一步躲在一个尖刻的凉亭下方的煤层。


Another way to identify durian variety is by the shape of the band connecting the stem to the fruit. This is sometimes called the crown. How fitting is that - the King of Fruit has a crown!
As you can see in the picture, the durian on the left has a smooth crown. The spikes face downwards away from it and there's even a little bit of a gap between the crown and where the spikes start. That's the Musang King.
In contrast, D24's crown has spikes growing up and over it, facing upward in jagged imitation of a traditional king's crown.

另一种方法来识别榴莲品种是由茎连接到水果的形状。这有时被称为冠 - 水果之王有一顶王冠!

正如你可以在图片中看到,左边的榴莲具有光滑的桂冠。

尖峰朝下远离它,并有冠冕,其中尖峰开始之间的间隔哪怕是一点点。这就是猫山王。

相比之下,D24的皇冠有尖峰长大了,过吧,朝上锯齿状模仿传统的国王的王冠。


All durian varieties have different lengths of stem. Some have very long stems, like the variety called Gan Yao in Thailand. Others have stems so short you can barely fit your fingers onto it to pick it up.
Musang King has a relatively long stem, while D24 has a short stem.

所有的榴莲品种的茎有若干不同的长度。

有些长的茎,像泰国品种。

其他茎这么短可以勉强满足您的手指到它捡起来。

猫山王特大具有相对长的杆,而D24具有短的茎。


When looking over a possible Musang King durian, you're looking for a green-yellow fruit with a long stem, a very visible tan five-pointed star on the bottom, pyramidal spikes without much space between them, and of course that brilliant yellow flesh.

如何寻找一个猫山王榴莲:

就是一个绿色接近黄色的外观,有长的茎,在底部,金字塔尖峰一个非常明显的棕褐色五角星!

那个就是 真正的 猫山王榴莲!

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